State and territory-led intervention programmes have been established or are under development across Australia to identify radicalised and at-risk individuals, and provide tailored services to address the root causes of their radicalisation. The Australian Government is providing coordination support and funding to state and territory governments to help them implement their programmes.
The intervention programmes involve developing individually tailored case management plans to connect at-risk individuals with services such as mentoring and coaching, counselling, education and employment support. The radicalisation to violence process is unique to each person, so responses need to be flexible and meet the individual's needs.
It is important that anyone who is in danger of becoming radicalised is diverted on to a different path as early as possible before they harm themselves or others. The people who are most likely to be able to get through to someone at risk will be people they trust—parents, friends, teachers or community leaders.
We encourage families, friends and communities who see changes in an individual that suggest they may be radicalising or thinking about travelling to participate in a foreign conflict to contact local authorities to seek further help and advice.
How does it work?
People can be referred into intervention programmes in several ways, including by police, community leaders, family members, or teachers—any concerned parties who have noticed behaviours in that person that could suggest they are becoming radicalised towards violent extremism.
Once a person is referred into an intervention programme, assessment tools will be used to:
Assess the level of their risk
- How radicalised have they become?
- Are they a threat to themselves and/or to others?
Assess their needs and develop an individual case management and referral plan
- How did they get to this point?
- What might help them to channel their energies in a more positive direction and/or change their views?
- What kinds of services could help them with this process?
There is no one pathway that leads to radicalisation so there need to be varied responses or diversion strategies.
Communities and service providers will be crucial partners in delivering intervention programmes. Law enforcement officers will play an important role in assessments and case planning, to manage risk and ensure safety for all involved, including service-providers, government officials, and the vulnerable individuals themselves.